Rails 7 excluding on ActiveRecord::Relation
Rails 7 introduced a new method
ActiveRecord::Relation, offering a convenient way to exclude specific records from a collection. This addition provides developers with a cleaner and more expressive approach when filtering query results.
The Previous Approach:
Prior to Rails 7, developers relied on the
where.not method to exclude records from a query result. The
where.not method was introduced in Rails 4.0 and allowed for excluding records based on specific conditions. Here’s an example of how it was used:
1 2 results = Model.where.not(attribute: value)
In the above code snippet,
Model represents the ActiveRecord model being queried,
attribute refers to the attribute used for filtering, and
value is the value to exclude.
The Introduction of
excluding in Rails 7
With the advent of Rails 7, the new
excluding method makes filtering records even more intuitive. Let’s explore how it simplifies the exclusion process.
Excluding a Single Record
Suppose we have a
Post model and we want to exclude the last created post from a collection. We can achieve this using
excluding in the following way:
1 2 3 post = Post.last result = Post.all.excluding(post)
In the above code, we retrieve the last post using
Post.last. Then, by invoking
Post.all.excluding(post), we retrieve all the posts except the one specified by
Excluding Records Based on Association
We can also leverage
excluding to exclude records based on their association with another model. Let’s consider a scenario where we have a
User model that has many posts. To retrieve all posts except those belonging to the last user, we can use
excluding as follows:
1 2 3 user = User.last result = Post.all.excluding(user.posts)
In the code above, we retrieve the last user with
User.last, and then we exclude the posts associated with that user by invoking
The introduction of the
excluding method in Rails 7 enhances the filtering capabilities of
ActiveRecord::Relation. It simplifies the process of excluding specific records, whether based on a single attribute or through associations with other models. With
excluding, developers can write more readable and concise code when working with collections in Rails applications.
To delve deeper into the implementation details and discussions around the introduction of
excluding, you can explore the corresponding pull request here.